For the main page about abilities, see Abilities.
For a list of abilities in Essentials,, see List of abilities.
For assigning abilities to Pokémon species, see Defining a species.

This page describes how to define an ability.

Defining an ability

An ability begins with its definition. This means that it is listed in the PBS file "abilities.txt", so that it can be recognised by the game as an ability. This alone does not give the ability an effect, but you must start by defining it before you can use it.

This page only describes how to define an ability. See the page Abilities to find out how to add effects to defined abilities.

PBS file "abilities.txt"

The PBS file "abilities.txt" lists all the defined abilities in the game. Each line in this file is one separate ability.

Every line in this file follows the same format. Firstly, here are some examples:

1,STENCH,Stench,"The stench may cause the target to flinch."
2,DRIZZLE,Drizzle,"The Pokémon makes it rain if it appears in battle."
3,SPEEDBOOST,Speed Boost,"Its Speed stat is gradually boosted."
110,TINTEDLENS,Tinted Lens,"Powers up \"not very effective\" moves."

Each line is structured as follows, with commas separating each part:

Part Information Description
1 ID number This number must be different for each ability. It must be a whole number greater than 0. You can skip numbers (e.g. the sequence 23,24,25,197,198,199,... is allowed). The order in which abilities are numbered is not important.

ID numbers are obsolete and not used for anything.

2 ID This must be different for each ability. This is how the scripts refer to the ability. Typically this is the same as the ability's name, but written in all capital letters and with no spaces or symbols. In the scripts, the ID is used as a symbol (i.e. with a colon in front of it, e.g. :INTIMIDATE). The ID is never seen by the player.
3 Name The name of the ability, as seen by the player.
4 Description The ability's description.

If there are any commas in the description, you must surround the entire description with quote marks. If there are no commas in the description, there's no harm in having those quote marks anyway.

If there are any quote marks in the description itself, you must put a backslash before each of them, e.g. \". The same applies if there are any apostrophes in the description and you haven't surrounded it with quote marks.

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